Transperth Secure Lock ‘n’ Ride Bike Shelters

  • Transperth has provided a number of Lock’n’Ride facilities at Perth Train Stations.
    Transperth has provided a number of Lock’n’Ride facilities at Perth Train Stations.
  • Lock’n’Ride facilities support cycling to and from work.
    Lock’n’Ride facilities support cycling to and from work.
  • A network of infrastructure to support the use of public transport will support healthy active outcomes.
    A network of infrastructure to support the use of public transport will support healthy active outcomes.
  • Transperth Secure Lock ‘n’ Ride Bike Shelters
  • Transperth Secure Lock ‘n’ Ride Bike Shelters
  • Transperth Secure Lock ‘n’ Ride Bike Shelters
Introduction

Transperth has supported healthy community outcomes in our community by providing Lock ‘n’ Ride bike shelters at train stations, encouraging increased use of public transport. The provision of secure bicycle parking encourages people to use public transport facilities to access their destination. Transperth has recently installed secure bicycle facilities (bicycle cages) at most train stations in the Perth Metropolitan Area in an attempt to increase the bicycle mode share of station patrons and to ease the burden on station car parking facilities.

Description of project

The Lock ‘n’ Ride bike shelter consists of a locked steel mesh cage, accessed by means of a registered SmartRider card, with u-rail type bike parking facilities inside. Typically these facilities accommodate around 25-35 bicycles each.

The Lock ‘n’ Ride bike shelters are provided in addition to existing bicycle parking facilities already available at most stations. Cyclists not registered to use the shelters still have access to an exicting bicycle parking facility. In general the bike shelters are located as close to the station access as possible, to make cycling a more attractive option.

Transperth monitors the usage of the facilities and provides additional shelters where they are utilised to capacity for prolonged periods.

 
Project team
  • Transperth
Project cost

$20,000 - $50,000 per shelter

Values

Providing secure bicycle parking affords users an additional choice of transport mode to access the specific facility. Providing this additional transport option delivers health, economic, environmental and social benefits.

Health value
  • The opportunity to cycle rather than drive to a destination, such as a train station, encourages users to be more physically active. In 2008 obesity was estimated to cost the Australian economy $58.2 billion due to diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and various forms of cancer. This cost can be significantly reduced by more people being physically active for as little as 30 minutes a day. Based on these calculations the estimated monetary value of the health benefits of riding a bike is around 75c per km. This value takes into account the cost of injuries associated with increased cycling.
 
Economic value
  • By providing secure bicycle parking locally, a reduction in car trips directly relates to a reduction in the number of parking bays required. Construction of car parking bays can currently cost as much as $40,000 per space, without taking into account ongoing maintenance costs. Providing 25 secure bicycle parking spaces theoretically allows for a 25 car parking bay reduction. This equates to a construction cost saving of as much as $1,000,000.
  • Traffic congestion costs the Australian economy around $13 billion a year. It is estimated that this could rise to $20 billion per year by 2020 if current trends in development and transport continue. 
  • Given that approximately 50% of car trips are less than 5km, a significant reduction in these costs could be achieved by providing the opportunity for more people to use bicycles, especially for these shorter journeys.
Environmental value
  • In the final quarter of 2011, transport was responsible for 88.6 million tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions in Australia. This equates to about 16% of the total emissions, with car trips contributing around half of this. The cost to the environment due to greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution, water and noise pollution is estimated to be about 5.9 cents per km travelled, and thus every kilometre cycled instead of driven brings benefits to the environment.
  • A secure bicycle cage was installed at the Brighton Beach Train Station in Melbourne. The shelter is the same as those installed throughout the Perth Metropolitan Area. Users of the Brighton Beach Train Station were surveyed to determine their travel behaviour before and after installation of the shelter. The users of the shelter were limited to 39, due to the capacity constraints. Before the installation, 62% of users cycled to the Train Station (using unsecure u-rail facilities) and 38% drove. After installation, the results demonstrated a reduction of 14 two-way car trips per day. With an average one-way trip of 3km, the provision of the shelter reduced the vehicle kilometres travelled per day to the Train Station by around 84km.
Social value
  • Having access to day-to-day activities such as attending workplaces, shopping areas, medical services and entertainment is a vital element to being part of society. The provision of secure bike parking at key destinations where day-to-day activities can be performed allows those destinations and activities to be inclusive of those people who may not have access to a car. By installing bike parking at key destinations the youth (people not old enough to drive), the financially disadvantaged (people not able to afford a car), choice users (people who choose not to drive) and others all have access to those destinations and are able to be independent contributing members of society.
Use value
  • The real use value of installing secure bike parking lies in affording patrons the freedom to choose their own mode of transport. These patrons have the ability to make the healthy, more environmentally conscious and cost effective transport choice. Additionally by allowing the SmartRider to be used to access the Lock ‘n’ Ride facility the system is conveniently accessible to most current public transport users, providing an additional incentive to use the system.
References

Australian Government – Department of Infrastructure and Transport, Walking, Riding and Access to Public Transport, October 2012.


Scott M and den Hollander J, 2009, Parkiteer – Secure Bicycle Parking at Public Transport Nodes in Melbourne, Australasian Transport Research Forum, Auckland.


Government of Western Australia – Transperth, sourced on 21 January 2013 from: http://www.transperth.wa.gov.au/UsingTransperth/BikesonTransperthservices.aspx

Government of Western Australia – Public Transport Authority, sourced on 21 January 2013 from: http://www.pta.wa.gov.au/Projects/CompletedProjects/BikeParkingFacilityUpgrade/tabid/467/Default.aspx

Bicycling Western Australia, sourced on the January 2013 from: http://www.bwa.org.au/bikes-and-riding/556/


Bicycle Transport Alliance, sourced on 11 January 2013 from: http://btawa.org.au/


Cycling Resource Centre, sourced on 11 January 2013 from: http://cyclingresourcecentre.org.au/page/parking_end_of_trip_facilities


Type of project
Infrastructure
Scale of project
City Scale
Location
Urban