Design Features

Public Open Space

Providing a well distributed network of walkable attractive and public open spaces and natural areas within the neighbourhood answers a variety of recreational, sporting, play and social needs of the community.

Developing co-located and integrated community facilities, such as schools and sport and recreation facilities, can maximise the efficiency of travel networks and service provision and enhance opportunities for sports participation, physical activity, well being, community interaction and cohesion.


Developing buildings and site designs that specifically support increased levels of physical activity through the provision of spaces and facilities can promote incidental physical activity. This can include the design of the building’s circulation system that encourages stair use, provision of end of trip facilities, convenient access to public transport options, and natural surveillance of the streetscape.

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The creation of compact mixed-use neighbourhoods with a diverse mix of co-located destinations (including employment, education, retail, fresh and healthy food outlets and recreation land uses) integrated with public transport and within close proximity of a variety of residential dwelling types allows residents to undertake and fulfil a variety of daily activities and needs (i.e., live, work, play) in their neighbourhood and encourages active and sustainable modes of transport.

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Providing accessible, safe and connected movement networks integrating walking, cycling and public transport routes for convenient travel within and between neighbourhoods and to local destinations maximising opportunities for people to engage in planned and incidental physical activity and encouraging the use of public transport.

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Providing a range of residential lot sizes and choice of housing products and tenures helps facilitate housing diversity and choice to meet the different housing needs of the community, including increased residential densities in close proximity to support mixed-use centres, local employment, community facilities and public transport.

Sense of Place

Walkable environments are required to enhance the sense of community and social capital by encouraging and facilitating social ties or community connections through opportunities for residents to meet, interact and engage in their neighbourhood. Mixed-use planning and the presence of a variety of destinations also promote walking which in turn increases the sense of community or social capital through the facilitation of interaction between residents.