The ENJOY Trial
Victoria | Urban
The Victorian Government believes these essential services should be within a 20-minute return walk and be able to be accessed through safe cycling networks, local public transport and walkable pathways. This concept, as detailed in the Victorian State Government’s Plan Melbourne 2017–2050 long-term planning strategy, envisages creating compact, walkable and liveable neighbourhoods across the city.
Plan Melbourne is centred around giving people the ability to meet most of their daily needs within a 20-minute walk from home; this promotes active living and supports social interactions. Socially isolated people (including older people) in low-density developed areas engage in lower rates of physical activity, and are subsequently at greater risk of chronic disease, such as coronary heart disease. Low rates of physical activity also place people at higher risk of developing mental health conditions like depression and anxiety. This plan attempts to alleviate these pressures and contributes to providing a better quality of life for all people in the community, including older adults.
The ‘hallmarks’ of a 20 Minute Neighbourhood were developed in partnership with the Department of Health and Human Services and the Heart Foundation (Victoria), during the preparation of Plan Melbourne. The ‘hallmarks’ outline that a 20-Minute Neighbourhood must:
In 2018, the 20-Minute Neighbourhood Pilot Program was launched by the Victorian Minister for Planning. Stage One was implemented in three pilot sites in within Moonee Valley City Council, Maroondah City Council and Brimbank City Council. Stage Two of the project was carried out in greenfield areas in the Wyndham City Council and Mitchell Shire Council. Findings indicate that strong partnerships and integrated planning are needed to effectively design the built environment to accommodate 20-Minute Neighbourhoods, which can help to create a liveable, healthy active and neighbourhood.